Today’s audio features an audio review of what was covered in Beginner Lesson 1. The way this review works is either a question or a piece of the conversation is presented. Then we ask you to answer the question, or complete the conversation. A vocabulary review comes after that. The English is presented, and then the Korean words are presented, once at natural speed, once slowly. There are gaps to give you time to answer. We hope to implement a review like this in nearly all of the lessons we have. Please tell us what you think of the review!
-Keith: 안녕하세요?저는 Keith입니다. 처음 뵙겠습니다.
-윤설: 안녕하세요? 저는 윤설입니다. 처음 뵙겠습니다.
입니다 (imnida), the formal form of the copula, is typically spelled with a “ㅂ” which makes a b/p like sound. But because of the proceeding consonant, “ㄴ” (n), “ㅂ” (b) changes to “ㅁ” (m). This is a natural phonetic change. These phonetic changes occur when two consonants meet. Most of these phonetic changes are natural when spoken at natural speed.
(1) Keith: Hello. I am Keith. It’s nice to meet you.
(2) Yunseol: Hello. I am Yunseol. It’s nice to meet you.
1..ㅂ/습니다 :formal declarative sentence ending
–ㅂ/습니다 – The Formal Declarative Sentence Ending. This can be attached to any verb to form a present tense declarative sentence. This conjugation is in the formal politeness level.
Take the stem of any verb and attach “(ㅂ/습)니다” at the end.
•If the verb stem ends in a vowel, “ㅂ” would be added to the stem to form a new syllabic block, and 니다 would be come after the new syllabic block.
Verb stem + ㅂ 니다
이다 – ida – to be (copula)
이 – verb stem
이 + ㅂ 니다 = 입니다
오다 – oda – to come
오 – verb stem
오 + ㅂ 니다 = 옵니다
공부하다 – gongbuhada – to study
공부하 – verb stem
공부하 + ㅂ 니다 = 공부합니다
•If the verb stem ends in a consonant, “습니다” is added to the end of the verb stem.
Verb stem + 습니다
앉다 – antda – to sit
앉 – verb stem
앉 + 습니다 = 앉습니다
잡다 – japda – to catch
잡 – verb stem
잡 + 습니다 = 잡습니다
유리 씨가 잡니다 – yuri ssi-ga jamnida – Yuri sleeps.
지금 바쁩니다 – jigeum babbeumnida – (Subject) is busy now.
버스를 탑니다 – beoseu-reul tamnida – (Subject) rides the bus.