-다가 while -ing, I was -ing when
August 22, 2009 by tailieutienghan
-다가 (daga) is the grammatical structure that expresses “while -ing” or “I was -ing when.” This structure shows what kind of action was previously taking place when the next one happened, and it often has the nuance of the previous action not being completely over yet.
Verb stem + -다가
Ex) 걷다 (to walk) = 걷 + 다가 = 걷다가 (while walking)
Ex) 자다 (to sleep) = 자 + 다가 = 자다가 (while sleeping)
1. 자다가 일어났어요. [자다, 일어나다] (jadaga ireonasseoyo)
– I was asleep and I got up.
2. 밥 먹다가 전화를 받았어요. [먹다, 받다] (bap meokdaga jeonhwa-reul badasseoyo)
– I got a phone call while I was eating.
3. 공부하다가 잠들었어요. [공부하다, 잠들다] (gongbuhadaga jamdeureosseoyo)
– I was studying and I felt asleep.
4. 울다가 웃다가 했어요. [울다, 웃다] (uldaga utdaga haesseoyo)
– They kept crying and laughing repeatedly.
5. 뭐 하다가 잃어버렸어? [하다, 잃어버리다] (mwo hadaga ireobeoryeosseo?)
– What were you doing when you lost it?
-하다가 is often just used as -하다
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