-도 되다 Permission
August 22, 2009 by tailieutienghan
-도 되다 (do doeda) is a grammatical construction that asks for, or gives permission to conduct a certain activity. This construction can be translated as “May I… (verb)?” or “Is it alright to (verb),” when it is used as a question. When it is used to give someone permission, it can be translated as “You may (verb)” or “It's alright if you (verb).” It is used in conjunction with action verbs. The final verb, 되다 expresses tense and politeness level.
Negation occurs in the front of the construction before the verb. The negation of this structure can be translated as “May I not (verb)?” or “Is it ok if I don't (verb)” when used to ask for permission. When it is used to allow someone, or to tell someone they don't have to do something it can be translated as “You don't have to (verb).”
Action Verb Stem + 아/어/여 Conjugation + 도 되다
자다 (jada) – to sleep
자 + 아 + 도 되다
자 + 도 되다 (아 + 아 = 아 – contraction)
자도 되다 – To be allowed to sleep.
선생님. 제 머리가 아파요. 저 자도 돼요? (Teacher. My head hurts. May I sleep?)
1.아빠, 나 밥 다 먹었어. 나 컴퓨터 써도 돼요?
(Dad, I finished eating. May I use the computer?)
2.지윤 씨도 와도 돼요.
(Jiyun may also come.)
3.저 내일 전화해도 돼요?
(May I call tomorrow?)
4.이거 안 마셔도 돼?
(Is it alright if I don't drink this?)
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