아니다 to not be
August 22, 2009 by tailieutienghan
아니다 (anida) is the Korean negative copula. This is roughly equivalent to the English verb “to not be.” Using 아니다 (anida) is the most useful and basic way to identify that people and objects are not something. “(topic and particle) + [Noun]+아닙니다.” This expresses that the (topic) of the sentence is not the [noun]. If the topic is not included in the sentence, it must be inferred.
The verb stem is “아니” (ani). This does not have any irregular conjugations.
•아닙니다 (animnida) is the formal simple present conjugation of 아니다 (anida).
•아니에요 (anieyo) is the standard simple present conjugation of 아니다 (anida).
•아니야 (aniyaa) is the casual simple present conjugation of 아니다 (anida).
•아닙니까 (animnikka) is the formal interrogative conjugation of 아니다 (anida).
저는 변호사가 아닙니다.
(jeo-neun byeonhosa-ga animnida.)
I am not a lawyer.
보라는 학생이 아닙니다.
(bora-neun hakseng-i animnida.)
Bora is not a student.
이거는 영화가 아니에요.
(igeo-neun yeonghwa-ga anieyo.)
This is not a movie.
Just like the affirmative copula, “이다,” the negative copula, “아니다,” cannot be used to express existence.
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