없다 to not exist
August 22, 2009 by tailieutienghan
없다 (eoptda) is the verb that expresses “to not exist.” This is not to be confused with the negative Korean copula 아니다 (anida), or “to not be.” This can express absence, or lack of possession.
없다 (eoptda) can be used to express “to not be” (absence, non-existence).
김치가 없습니다. (kimchi-ga eoptseumnida)
There is no kimchi. (Literally: kimchi, not exist – kimchi does not exist)
없다 (eoptda) can be used to express “to not have” (possession).
저는 친구가 없습니다. (jeo-neun chingu-ga eopsseumnida)
I don't have friends. (Literally: I, friend, not exist – Friends do not exist for me)
없다 – Dictionary form
없 – Verb stem
없습니다 – Conjugated in the formal, simple present tense.
없어요 – Conjugated in the standard, simple present tense.
없어 – Conjugated in the intimate, simple present tense.
없습니까 – Conjugated in the formal, present interrogative.
제윤 씨는 친구가 없습니다. (jeyun ssi-neun chingu-ga eopsseumnida)
Jaeyun does not have friends.
여기 나영 씨가 없습니다. (yeogi nayeong ssi-ga eopsseumnida)
Nayeong is not here.
저는 여자친구가 없습니다. (jeo-neun yeojachingu-ga eopssseumnida)
I don't have a girlfriend.
The opposite of 없다 (eoptda), to not have, is 있다 (itda), to have.
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