-에 Static Location Particle (at/in)
August 22, 2009 by tailieutienghan
The particle -에 (-e) can be translated into English as “at,” “to,” “on” or “in,” depending on the context. It can be used to indicate time, direction, or a specific location where an action takes place. In this specific lesson it is used to indicate a static location action and can be translated as “in” or “at.”
Static location: The particle -에 (-e) can be used to indicate that a stationary action is taking place at a certain location. Inactive verbs are used to show these stationary actions [i.e. 있다 (itda) – to exist, 없다 (eoptda) – to not exist, 살다 (salda) – to live, 많다 (manta) – to be many]. Depending on the verb used, -에 (-e) can be translated as “in” or “at.”
[저는 집에 있습니다. (jeo-neun jip-e itsseumnida) – I am at home.]
In this sentence, the particle -에 (-e) indicates the location of where “I” exists – home.
[지성은 영국에 삽니다. (jiseong-eun yeongguk-e samnida). – Jiseong lives in England.]
In this sentence the particle -에 (-e) indicates the location where 지성 (jiseong) lives – in England.
[학교에 학생들 많아요. (hakgyo-e hakseng-deul manhayo) – There are many students at school.
In this sentence the particle -에 (-e) indicates the location where 학생들 (haksengdeul, students) are many – school.
Notice that 살다 (salda) – to live, 있다 (itda) – to exist, 많다 (manhta) – to be many, are all inactive verbs.
Static Location: The particle -에 (-e) is attached to a place noun and then followed by an inactive verb.
Place word + 에 + 있다/없다/살다/많다
Place word + (e) + (itda/eopta/salda/manhta).
Place word + at/in + to exist/to not exist/to live/to be many.
과장님이 지금 중국에 있어요. (gwajangnim-i jigeum jungguk-e isseoyo)
The manager is in China now.
요세프는 어디에 살아요? (yosepeu-neun eodi-e salayo)
Where do you live Yosef? (Where at do you live?)
누나가 집에 없어? (nuna-ga jip-e eopseo?)
Is your sister not home? (Is your sister not at home?)
강남에 예쁜여자들이 많아요. (gangnam-e yeppeunyeoja-deul-i manhayo)
There are many pretty girls in Gangnam.
-에 as a time particle.
-에 as a static locational particle
-에 as a proportional particle
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