-(으)라고 하다 Identification/Reported Speech
August 22, 2009 by tailieutienghan
This grammatical structure is utilized to identify or clarify a noun. This usage is used to identify an person place or thing by name.
It is also used to It also serves a dual purpose and reports speech as well. When it is used to report speech, it is often used to emphasize by repeating what someone has said before. It is also used when one has not heard correctly, or when the speaker cannot believe what the speaker has said. In many cases it is also used as a form of the imperative, repeating what was said before to emphasize the order or request.
If it is used to identify or clarify a noun, it can be translated as “…is called.” If it is used to report speech, this grammatical structure can be translated as “(I/he/you/she/we/they) said…”
-라고 하다 originally comes from -라고 말하다, but this construction, can function with or without 말 (mal).
When this structure is attached to nouns or question words it simply attaches to nouns.
(Noun/Question word) + 라고 하다
뭐 – (question word) – what
뭐라고 했어? – What did you say?
When this construction is used with action verbs, conjugated in tense,
(Verb Stem) + (으)라고 하다
가 – to go
가라고 해요. – Tell (someone) to go.
1.저는 이유진이라고 합니다.
(I'm called Yujin Lee.)
2.할아버지가 우리 오라고 했어요.
(Grandfather told us to come.)
3.지금 뭐라고 했어?!
(What did you just say?!)
4.이 학교는 한국대학교라고 해요.
(This school is called Korea University.)
(Sorry? What did you say?)
koreanclass101- Copy right by http://360korea.com