어딘가, 누군가, 뭔가, 언젠가, 왠지 Indefinite Pronouns
August 22, 2009 by tailieutienghan
These words are used to describe an indefinite place/thing/person/time/reason. It is used when the speaker is not sure of details, or when the speaker does not wish to be so specific. These words can be translated as “somewhere,” “someone,” “something,” “sometime,” and “some reason.”
These are the interrogative words with -ㄴ가 or -ㄴ지 suffixed to the end. However, it is recommended that these be learned as set phrases, not as conjugations. The conjugations are provided below as a reference.
Interrogative + -ㄴ가/-ㄴ지
1.어디 + -ㄴ가 = 어딘가
eodi + -nga = eodinga
where -> somewhere
2.누구 + -ㄴ가 = 누군가
nugu + (-nga) = nugunga
who -> someone
3.뭐 + -ㄴ가 = 뭔가
mwo + (-nga) = mwonga
what -> something
4.언제 + -ㄴ가 = 언젠가
eonje + (-nga) = eonjenga
when -> sometime
5.왜 + -ㄴ지 = 왠지
wae + (-nji) = waenji
why -> some reason
1. 나 어딘가 여행 하고 싶다. (na eodinga yeohaeng hago sipda.)
I want to travel somewhere.
2. 누군가한테 시켜! (nugunga-hante sikyeo!)
Tell someone to do it!
3. 유석 씨의 얼굴에 뭔가 묻었어요. (yuseok ssi-ui eolgul-e mwonga mudeosseoyo.)
Yuseok, you have something on your face.
4.문제 있으시면, 언젠가 연락 해도 돼요. (munje isseusimyeon, eonjenga yeollak hae-do dwae yo.)
If you ever have any problems, you can contact me anytime.
5.요즘 왠지 피곤해요. (yojeum waenji pigonhaeyo.)
These days, I'm tired for some reason.
These words are often contracted to simply their interrogative forms in speech. In the context of a sentence, they are nearly indecipherable from their interrogative counterparts because they have the same pronunciations. However, they can be differentiated from the different stresses in a sentence.
어딘가 –> 어디 (somewhere –> where)
누군가 –> 누구 (someone –> who)
뭔가 –>뭐 (something –> what)
1.뭐 마실래요? (with stress on 뭐) – What do you want to drink?
2.뭐 마실래요? (with stress on 마실래요) – Do you want to drink something? [뭔가 마실래요?]
1.누구 왔어요? (with stress on 누구 ) – Who came?
2.누구 왔어요? (with stress on 왔어요) – Did somebody come? [누군가 왔어요?]
1.어디 가세요? (with stress on 어디) – Where are you going?
2. 어디 가세요? (with stress on 가세요) – Are you going somewhere? [어딘가 가세요?]
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