-에 direction particle (to)
August 22, 2009 by tailieutienghan
The particle -에 (-e) can be translated into English as “at,” “to,” “on” or “in,” depending on the context. It can be used to indicate time, direction, or a specific location where an action takes place. In this specific lesson it is used to indicate direction and can be translated as “to.”
Direction: The particle -에 (-e) can be used to indicate direction when used in conjunction with the verbs 가다 (gada) – to go, or 오다 (oda) – to come. When used in this context -에 (-e) can be translated as “to.”
[아유미가 학교에 갑니다. (ayumi-ga hakgyo-e gamnida) – Ayumi goes to school.]
In this sentence the particle indicates the direction where Ayumi goes towards – to school.
-에 (-e) is attached to “학교” (hakgyo:school) because that is where she goes to.
[닐라가 지금 집에 옵니다. (nilla-ga jigeum jib-e omnida) – Nilla comes home now.]
In this sentence the particle indicates the direction where Nilla comes towards – to home.
-에 (-e) is attached to “집” (jib:home) because that is the direction she comes towards.
Direction: The particle -에 (-e) is attached to a place word and then followed by the verb 가다 (gada) – to go, or 오다 (oda) – to come.
Place word + 에 + 가다/오다.
Place word + (e) + (gada/oda).
Place word + to + go/to.
저는 한국에 갑니다. (jeo-neun hanguk-e gamnida)
I go to Korea.
류지가 일본에 옵니다. (ryuji-ga ilbon-e omnida)
Ryuji comes to Japan.
-에 as a time particle.
-에 as a static locational particle
-에 as a proportional particle
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