-(은)ㄴ Noun Modifier
August 22, 2009 by tailieutienghan
Descriptive verbs can be made in noun modifiers and describe the nouns directly. The verb acts as an adjective to modify a noun that must follow immediately.
The translation for descriptive verbs typically start with “to be…” This construction would remove that from the literal translation.
작다 (jakda) – to be small
작은 (jakeun) – [a] small [noun]
Descriptive Verb Stem + -(은)ㄴ [noun]
-은 (-eun) is attached to descriptive verb stems that end in consonants.
좋다 (johta) – to be good
좋 (joh) – verb stem
좋 + 은 = 좋은 (joheun)
좋은 [명사] – (a) good [noun]
좋은 사람 (joheun saram) – a good person
-ㄴ (-n) is attached to descriptive verb stems that end in vowels.
나쁘다 (nappeuda) – to be bad
나쁘 (nappeu) – verb stem
나쁘 + ㄴ = 나쁜 (nappeun)
나쁜 [명사] – (a) bad [noun]
나쁜 사람 (nappeun saram) – a bad person
1.큰 사과 주세요. (keun sahwa juseyo)
Please give me a big apple.
2.이 사람이 바쁜 사람이에요. (i saram-i bappeun saram-ieyo.)
This person is a busy person.
3.이상한 질문이 있는데요. (isanghan jilmun-i itneundeyo.)
I have a strange question.
This noun modifier can be used with all politeness levels because another verb must follow, and that verb indicates the politeness level.
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