-(ㄴ/는)다고 Reiterative, Reported Speech
August 25, 2009 by tailieutienghan
-ㄴ/는다고(요) (-n/neundagoyo) is a sentence ending, which reiterates a person's statement (it is derived from reported speech). It can be used to emphasize, reassert, or when used in the form of a question, to confirm a previous statement.
When used as a statement, this construction typically reiterates what the speaker has said (first-person perspective). In this instance it can be translated as “I said…” When used as a question, this construction typically reiterates what the listener has said (second-person perspective). In this instance, this can be translated as “you said…”
-ㄴ/는다고(요) (-n/neundagoyo) can be made polite by adding the politeness particle -요(-yo) at the end.
Verb Stem + -ㄴ는다고(요) – Action Verbs
Verb Stem + -다고(요) – Descriptive Verbs
-ㄴ다고(요) (ndagoyo) is used for action verb stems ending in vowels.
말하다 (malhada) – to speak
말하 + -ㄴ 다고
말한다고(요) [malhandago(yo)] – …said… telling
너 지금 엄마한테 말한다고? (neo jigeum ummahante malhandago.)
You are telling mom now (you said)?
-는다고 (neundago) is used for action verb stems ending in consonants.
-입다 (ipda) – to wear
입 (ip) – verb stem
입 + 는다고
입는다고 (ipneundago) – said… wearing
내가 입는다고! (nae-ga imneundago!)
I said I'm wearing it!
-다고 (dago) is used for descriptive verb stems ending in both consonants and vowels.
무섭다 (museopda) – to be scary
무섭 (museop) – verb stem
무섭 + 다고
무섭다고 (museopdago) – said… scary
저 사람이 무섭다고? (jeo saram-i museopdago?)
You said that person's scary?
1. 지금 일본이라고? (jigeum ilbonirago?)
You are in Japan now (you said)?
2. 어제 저를 봤다고요? (eoje jeo-reul bowatdagoyo?)
You saw me yesterday (you said)?
3. 뭐라고? (mworago?)
What (did you say)?
(1)There is often a pronunciation change with this construction. 다고 (dago) is often pronounced as 다구 (dagu) is conversational Korean.
(2)This construction is derived from reported speech. The original phrase is -(ㄴ/는)다고 말하다. The full reported speech phrase must be used when reiterating a statement made by a person outside of the conversation (third person).
koreanclass101- Copy right by http://360korea.com