-ㄹ/을 걸 그랬다. I should have + p.p. / I regret that I didn’t…
August 25, 2009 by tailieutienghan
-ㄹ/을 걸 그랬다 (l/eul geol geuraetda) is a way to express regret by saying “I should have done…” or “I regret that I didn't do….” The last part, 그랬다 (geuraetda) means “it was so” or “I did it.” So literally, you're saying, “I did A while I could have done B.” Here, 걸 (geol) is short for 것을 (geos-eul).
Verb Stem + -ㄹ/을 걸 그랬다
말하다 (malhada) “to say, to tell”
말하 (malha) – verb stem
말하 – ㄹ 걸 그랬다 = 말할 걸 그랬다 (malhal geol geuraetda)
말할 걸 그랬어요. (malhal geol geuraesseoyo) “I should have told him.”
- 좀 더 일찍 올 걸 그랬어.
jom deo iljjik ol geol geuraesseo.
“Too bad I didn't come earlier.”
- 공부를 더 열심히 할 걸 그랬어.
gongbu-reul deo yeolsimhi hal geol geuraesseo.
“I should have studied harder.”
- 조심할 걸 그랬어.
josimhal geol geuraesseo.
“I regret not having been careful.”
- 더 좋은 걸 살 걸 그랬어.
deo joeun geol sal geol geuraesseo.
“I should have bought a nicer one.”
- 그런 말은 하지 말 걸 그랬어.
geureon mal-eun haji mal geol geuraesseo.
“I regret having said such a thing.”
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