-거든요 because, you see, actually, in fact
August 25, 2009 by tailieutienghan
-거든요 (-geodeunyo) is a sentence final-ending used to give an explanation for something under discussion.
Sentence 2 -거든요.
Sentence 2 is providing an explanation for whatever was discussed in Sentence 1.
Using this grammatical structure also implies that the listener is expected the understand the correlation between sentence 1 and sentence 2.
Verb Stem + 거든요.
Tense and/or intentional inflection is inflected in the root verb.
먹다 (meokda) – to eat
먹 (meok) – verb stem
먹 + 거든요
먹거든요 (meokgeodeunyo) – you see, because (he) eats
봤다 (bwatda) – to have seen
봤 (bwat) – verb stem
봤 + 거든요
봤거든요 (bwatgeodeunyo) – you see, because (I) saw
1. A: 왜 같이 안 가요? (wae gati an gayo?) – Why aren't you coming?
B: 그 영화를 봤거든요. (geu yeonghwa-reul bwatgeodeunyo) – You see, because I saw that movie.
2. A: 과일은 안 먹어? (gwail-eun an meogeo?) – You don't eat fruit?
B: 아니… 알레르기가 있거든. (ani… allereugi-ga itgeodeun.) – No… You see, because I have an allergy.
Intonation is important when using this grammatical structure. Recently, it has become a way to show disinterest in someone's question.
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