-고 가다/오다 Sequence of Actions
August 25, 2009 by tailieutienghan
This grammatical structure expresses a sequence of actions that a subject performs, one after another. It provides information on the sequence of events that the speaker has gone through. It is used to convey the a sequence of actions before one comes or goes. As this structure is used to convey a sequence of actions, it is only used with action verbs.
The choice between 가다 (gada – to go) and 오다 (oda – to go) depends on the physical location of the speaker. The final verbs 가다/오다 (gada/oda – to go/to come) expresses the politeness level, tense and mood. This construction can be translated as “(verb) and go/come.”
This construction is used with action verbs.
가다 (gada) – to go, is used when the speaker is describing an action before he/she goes or went.
오다 (oda) – to come, is used when the speaker is describing an action before he/she comes or came.
Verb Stem + 고 가다 /오다
만나다 (mannada) – to meet
만나 (manna) – verb stem
만나 + -고 가다/오다 = 만나고 가다 / 만나고 오다 (meet a friend and go/come)
제 친구 만나고 가요.
Meet my friend and go.
친구 만나고 왔어요.
I met my friend and came.
제 친구 만나고 갔어요.
I met my friend and left.
Verb Stem + 고 가다/오다
하다 (hada) – to do
하 (ha) – verb stem
하 + -고 가다/오다 = 하고 가다 / 하고 오다 (do and go/come)
숙제를 하고 가.
Do your homework and go.
숙제를 하고 왔어요.
I did my homework and came.
(1) 친구를 만나고 왔어요.
– 친구를 만났어요 + 그리고 왔어요
(I met a friend and came. = I met a friend before I came here.)
(2) 우리집에서 점심 드시고 가세요.
– 우리집에서 점심 드세요 + 그리고 가세요
(Please have lunch at our house and go. = Please have lunch here before you go.)
(3) 커피 마시고 가자.
– 커피 마시자 + 그리고 가자
(Let\'s have coffee and go. = Let\'s have some coffee before we go.)
(4) 전화를 하고 오세요.
– 전화를 하세요 + 오세요
(Please give me a call and come. = Please give me a call before you come.)
This grammatical structure uses the particle -고 (-go) which can link several actions in sequence with the verbs 가다/오다 (to go/to come).
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