-기는 -하다 contrast
August 25, 2009 by tailieutienghan
This grammatical structure is generally used to show contrast between two actions or states, or two contrary characteristics of a single action or state. The basic form of this grammtical structure is:
-기는 + -ㄴ/는다 (present tense)
But the later part can be changed according to the tense.
-기는 + 아/어/여 = ㅆ다 (past tense)
-기는 + -ㄹ/을 것이다 (future tense)
Since this grammar pattern is used to show contrast, it is often translated into English as 'I Do + Verb + (but/although …)' (present tense), 'I Did + Verb + (but/although …)' (past tense), or 'I Will + Verb + (but/although …)'.
1. 가기는 갔는데 재미없었어. (gagineun gatneunde jaemieopseosseo.)
– I did go there, but it wasn't interesting.
2. 보기는 봤는데 이해를 못 했어. (bogineun bwatneunde ihae-reul mot haesseo.)
– I did see it, but I couldn't understand it.
3. 읽기는 읽은 것 같은데 기억이 안 나. (ilkkineun ilgeun geot gateunde gieok-i an na.)
– I think I did read it, but I don't remember.
4. 오긴 올 건데, 금방 가야 돼. (ogineun ol geonde, geumbang gayadwae.)
– I will come here, but I have to go soon.
5. 알기는 아는데, 하기가 싫어. (algineun aneunde, hagiga sireo.)
– I do know, but I don't want to do it.
-기는 is often shortened to -긴 in colloquial situations.
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