-기 전에 before
August 25, 2009 by tailieutienghan
We use this grammatical pattern to set a timeline and express an action that occurs before another action. This pattern emphasizes the last action in the construction. We use the first action to give a time reference. We can translate this construction as “before (verb1), (verb2).”
We use this pattern to connect two verbs. We express politeness level, tense, negation, and mood through the second verb.
This construction uses two verbs. The second verb expresses the politeness level, tense, negation, and mood.
[Verb 1 – verb stem] +기 전에 + [Verb 2]
Before [Verb 1], [Verb 2]
Verb 1 – 자다 (jada) – “to sleep”
자 (ja) – verb stem
Verb 2 – 먹다 (meokda) – “to eat”
자 + 기 전에 + 먹다
자기 전에 막다. (jagi jeon-e meokda) “Before sleeping, eat.”
자기 전에 먹었어. “I ate before sleeping.”
자기 전에 못 먹었어. “I couldn't eat before sleeping.”
- 한국 가기 전에 러시아 갔습니다.
hanguk gagi jeon-e reosia gasseumnida.
“Before going to Korea, he went to Russia.”
- 자기 전에 책을 읽어.
jagi jeon-e chaek-eul ilgeo.
“Read a book before sleeping.”
- 저는 농구하기 전에 샤워했어요.
jeo-neun nongguhagi jeon-e syawohaesseoyo.
“Before playing basketball, I took a shower.”
This grammatical construction is actually the nominalization of Verb 1 followed by the 전에 (jeone). 전 (jeon) means “before” and 에 (e) is the time marking particle.
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