-이/가 subject marking particle
August 25, 2009 by tailieutienghan
-이/가 (i/ga) is a a subject marking particle. This is attached to the end of a word to indicate that it's the subject of the sentence. Sometimes 이/가 must be used with certain verbs as they are part of a set (아니다, 있다, 없다, etc).
[Noun] + 이/가.
이 (i) and 가 (ga) both accomplish the same thing, indicate the subject of the sentence. But they change according to the word they attach to.
이 (i) is used when the word its attaching to ends in a consonant.
[i.e. 일본사람이 아닙니다 (ilbonsaram-i animnida)] The subject is 일본사람 (ilbonsaram), and it ends in ㅁ (m), which is a consonant. Therefore 이 (i) is used here.
가 (ga) is used when the word it's attaching to ends in a vowel.
[i.e. 가수가 아닙니다. (gasu-ga animnida)] The subject is 가수 (gasu), and it ends in ㅜ (u), which is a vowel. Therefore 가 (ga) is used here.
돈이 없어요. – (don-i eobseoyo). – I don't have money
돈 + 이 (don + i)
학생이 아닙니다. – (hakseng-i animnida). – (I) am not a student. (I is inferred)
학생 + i (hakseng + i)
(It) is not a chair.
저는 미국사람이 아닙니다.
(jeo-neun miguksaram-i animnida)
I am not American.
우리 아버지는 돈이 없습니다.
(uri abeoji-neun don-i eobseumnida)
My father does not have money.
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