August 25, 2009 by tailieutienghan
-(이)나 [-(i)na] is a particle, which attaches to nouns. It has a number of usages that can change the translation.
1. It is a particle which separates two nouns to express different options. It is used as “or.”
(e.x. 일요일이나 월요일 – Sunday, or Monday)
2. When it is used with only one noun, the latter half is assumed and is usually translated as “or something.”
(e.x. 숙제나 해! – Do your homework, or something)
3. When used in conjunction with time phrases, the time given is an approximation. (이)나, in this situation, is often translated as “about” or “approximately.”
(e.x. 몇 시간이나 걸렸어요? – About how many hours did it take?)
4. It can be used to express one's missed expectations. In this situation it is used when it is much more than one expects. When used in this manner it gives off the nuance “much more than I expected.”
(그 영화는 3시간이나 걸렸어요. – That movie lasted 3 hours, much more than I expected.)
-(이)나 [-(i)na] is a particle and is attached to the end of nouns. For all the following constructions, -이나 (-ina) is used with nouns ending in consonants, and -나 (-na) is used with words ending in vowels.
명사 + -(이)나 + 명사
myeongsa + -(i)na + myeongsa
noun + or + noun
매일 한국어이나 영어를 공부해요. (maeil hangukeo-ina yeongeo-reul gongbuhaeyo.)
I study Korean or English everyday.
명사 + -(이)나 + 명령형 동사
myeongsa + -(i)na + myeongnyeonghyeon dongsa
noun + or + imperative verb
숙제나 해! (sukjena hae!)
Do your homework, or something!
시간 표현 + -(이)나
sigan pyohyeon+ -(i)na
time phrase + about
몇 시간이나 걸렸어요? (myeot sigan-ina geollyeosseoyo?)
About how many hours did it take?
표현 + -(이)나
pyohyeon + -(i)na
phrase + (more than I expected)
그 영화는 3시간이나 걸렸어요. (geu yeonghwa-neun se sigan-ina geollyeosseoyo.)
That movie lasted 3 hours (much more than I expected).
1. 커피나 마시러 갈래요?
(keopi-na masireo galraeyo?)
Do you want to go drink some coffee or something?
2. 책이나 잡지를 많이 읽어요.
(chaek-ina japji-reul manni ilgeoyo.)
I read books or magazines a lot.
3.유럽이나 아프리카에 가고 싶어요.
(yurob-ina apeurika-e gago ipeoyo.)
I want to go to Europe or Africa.
koreanclass101- Copy right by http://360korea.com