-지 그랬어 why didn’t you…/you should have…
August 25, 2009 by tailieutienghan
-지 그랬어 (-ji geuraesseo) is a grammatical structure that means “why didn't you… / it would have been better if you had…” or “you should have… .” Originally, this structure comes from -지 그렇게 했어 (-ji geureoke haesseo) which literally means “Why did you do that instead of doing this?” So as a set structure, we translate it into English as “why didn't you…,” or “you should have… .” You can add -요 at the end to make it sound more polite, or make the verb honorific by saying 그러셨어요 (geureosyeosseoyo), too.
Verb Stem + 지 그랬어(요)
하다 (hada) “to do”
하 (ha) – verb stem
하 + 지 그랬어(요) = 하지 그랬어(요)
친구랑 같이 하지 그랬어.
(chingu-rang gachi haji geuraesseo)
“You should have done it with your friend.”
1. 친구도 데려오지 그랬어.
chingu-do deryeooji geuraesseo.
“Why didn't you bring your friend as well?”
2. 어제 오지 그랬어.
eoje oji geuraesseo.
“Why didn't you come yesterday?”
3. 병원에 가지 그랬어요.
byeongwon-e gaji geurasseoyo.
“You should have gone to see a doctor.”
koreanclass101- Copy right by http://360korea.com