-지 않다 negative sentence ending
August 25, 2009 by tailieutienghan
-지 않다 (-ji anta) is a the negative sentence ending, used for negating a sentence. It is considered the standard in which to negate a sentence. It is often used in written Korean (i.e. books, novels, manuals, newspapers) as well as it is used in spoken Korean. This construction can be translated as “no” or “not.”
This structure is attached to the end of verbs (both descriptive and action) to negate these verbs. 않다 (anta) can be conjugated to reflect politeness level, tense, mood, etc.
Verb Stem + 지 않다
마시다 (masida) – to drink
마시다 + -지 않다
마시지 않다 (masiji anta) – not drink
저는 술을 마시지 않습니다. (jeo-neun sul-eul masiji anhseumnida)
I don't drink alcohol.
(1) 나는 외롭지 않아! (na-neun oeropji anha!)
I am not lonely!
(2) 오늘 진짜 덥지 않아? (oneul jinjja dupji anha?)
Isn't it really hot today?
(3) 저는 학교를 다니지 않습니다. (jeo-neun hakgyo-reul daniji anhseumnida.)
I don't go to school.
Another way a sentence can be negated is by using the negative adverb 안 (an). The difference between the two is that 안 (an) is considered more colloquial, and 지 않다 (ji anta) is considered the standard way to negate a sentence. 지 않다 (ji anta) would be the negation most likely found in novels, textbooks, and newspapers, however, it is still used commonly in colloquial situations. 안 (an) would most likely be heard during a conversation and would typically not be found in written Korean.
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