-ㄴ/은 것 같다 it seems to be
August 25, 2009 by tailieutienghan
This construction is added onto the end of descriptive verbs. This grammatical structure is used when a piece of information is processed in one’s mind, and the resulting thought is expressed. Using this construction expresses “I think…,” “it seems like…,” or “it seems to be.”
(a) Descriptive Verbs ending in a consonant
많다 (manta) – Descriptive Verb – to be many
많 (manh) – Verb Stem
믾 + 은 것 같다
(verb stem) + (은 것 같다)
많은 것 같다 – “it seems like there are many,” “(I) think there are many.”
(b) Descriptive Verbs ending in a vowel
편하다 (pyeonhada) – Descriptive verb – to be comfortable
편하 (pyeongha) – Descriptive Verb – Verb Stem
편하 + ㄴ 것 같다
(verb stem) + (ㄴ 것 같다)
편한 것 같다 – “it seems to be comfortable,” “I think (it) is comfortable.”
아저씨 집은 비싼 것 같아요.
(ajeossi jip-eun bissan geot gatayo.)
Mister, your house seems to be expensive.
성민은 수줍어 하는 것 같아.
(seongmin-eun sujubeo haneun geot gata.)
Seongmin seems to be shy.
현철은 바쁜 것 같다.
(hyeoncheol-eun bappeun geot gatta).
HyeonCheol seems to be busy.
오스틴은 아픈 것 같지 않다.
(oseutin-eun apeun geot gatchi
Austin does not seem to be hurt.
오스틴은 아프지 않은 것 같다.
Austin seems like he is not hurt.
The resulting ending (같다) can be conjugated according to politeness level or tense, just like any verb.
같다 (gatta) is an independent word, which expresses “to be like,” and “to be similar.”
The negation (-지 않다) can be expressed in both the final verb (같다) or the main verb with –ㄴ(은).
koreanclass101- Copy right by http://360korea.com