August 25, 2009 by tailieutienghan
We use the volitional form to express intention on the part of the speaker or to invite someone to do something in informal situations. Specifically, we use when asking someone if one would like to do something with the speaker, or with a group that includes the speaker. In English, we can translate this as, “shall we…?” In addition to inviting someone to do something, we also use it to ask for one's opinion, view, or appraisal about a certain fact. In this specific usage, we can translate it as “will it be (verb)?” This form is a sentence ender.
-ㄹ/을까요? – (-l / eulkkayo) – Standard Politeness Level
-ㄹ/을까? – (-l / eulkkayo) – Intimate Politeness Level
I. We use -ㄹ까요? (-lkkayo?) with verbs that end in vowels.
보다 (boda) “to see, to watch”
보 – verb stem
보 + ㄹ까요? (bo + lkkayo)
볼까요? (bolkkayo?) “Shall we watch?” (Standard Politeness Level)
볼까? (bolkka?) “Shall we watch?” (Intimate Politeness Level)
II. We use -을까요? (-eulkkayo?) with verbs that end in consonants.
재미있다 (jaemiitda) “to be fun, to be interesting”
재미있 (jaemiit) – verb stem
재미있 + -을까요 (jaemiit) + (-eulkkayo?)
재미있을까요? (jaemiisseulkkayo?) “Will it be fun?” / “What do you think?” (Standard Politeness Level)
재미있을까? (jaemiisseulkka?) “Will it be fun?” / “What do you think?” (Intimate Politeness Level)
- 우리 오늘 영화 볼까요?
uri oneul yeonghwa bolkkayo? (Standard Politeness Level)
“Shall we see a movie today?”
- 숙제를 했을까요?
sukje-reul haesseulkkayo? (Standard Politeness Level)
“Will (he) have done the homework?” (“What do you think?”)
- 이 책이 재미있을까?
i chaek-i jaemiisseulkka? (Intimate Politeness Level)
“Will this book be interesting?” (“What do you think?”)
- 광주로 갈까?
gwangju-ro galkka? (Intimate Politeness Level)
“Shall we go to Gwangju?”
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