-기 Verb Nominalization
August 25, 2009 by tailieutienghan
Most Korean action verbs can be nominalized by taking the verb stem and attaching -기 (gi) at the end. This nominalization is very important to remember since it is used with many other grammatical structures. With the new construction, the verb can be used as a noun.
These verbal nouns indicate activity, quality, quantity, extent, or state of being. When nominalized, these nominalized verbs can be translated as “(verb)ing, to (verb), (adjective)ness.”
This verb nominalization refers to the actual act of “(verb)ing.”
(action) verb stem + 기
먹다 (meokda) – to eat (infinitive)
먹 (meok) – verb stem
먹 + 기 = 먹기 (meokgi) – to eat, eating (as a noun)
먹기가 제 취미예요.
Eating is my hobby.
저는 일하기를 싫어요.
I don't like working.
공부 하기를 시작했어요.
1. 걷다 (to walk – the infinitive) – 걷기 (to walk – when used as a noun)
걷기가 힘들어. (geotgi-ga himdeureo.)
To walk is tiring.
2. 쓰다 (to write – the infinitive) – 쓰기 (to write – when used as a noun)
한자 쓰기가 어려워. (hanja sseugi-ga eoryeowo.)
To write Hanja is difficult.
3. 듣다 (to listen – the infinitive) – 듣기 (to listen – when used as a noun)
듣기 싫어 (deutgi silheo.)
I don't want to listen.
4.쇼핑하기 힘들어요. (syopinghag-i himdeuleoyo.)
It's tiring to shop.
5.걷기는 몸에 좋아요. (geotgi-neun mom-e johayo.)
Walking is good for your body.
6.제 취미는 음악 듣기예요. (je chwimi-neun eumak deutgi-yeyo.)
My hobby is listening to the music.
In Korean, the infinitive form of verbs cannot be used as nouns. These verbs must be nominalized with a verb nominalizer (such as -기).
When these nominalized verbs are used as subjects, they take the subject marking particle -가 (-ga). When they are used as objects, they use the object marking particle -를 (-reul).
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