-나요? I wonder…
August 25, 2009 by tailieutienghan
When asking a question in Korean, the most basic way to ask something is adding -아/어/여(요)? (-a/eo/yeo(yo)?) at the end of the verb stem. While this is a very commonly used sentence ending, people like to use a more indirect way to ask question. One of the ways to do this is to use the sentence ending -나요? (-nayo?), which has the nuance of asking oneself at the same time. So this ending, -나요? (-nayo?) is similar to saying “I wonder…” in English.
Although we can almost always use the basic sentence ending for questions where -나요? (-nayo?) can be used, people still like to use -나요? (-nayo?) because they hope to be less direct and accusing when asking a question. By using -나요? (-nayo?), one gets the feeling that the “accusing” energy is divided into two directions – half toward the other person and half toward oneself.
Verb stem + 나요?
This structure is basically used with action verbs.
하다 = 하 + 나요? = 하나요? (hanayo?) “Do you do…?”
읽다 = 읽 + 나요? = 읽나요? (ilknayo?) “Do you read…?”
We can use this sentence ending with the past tense and also the honorific suffix –시– (si)
하다 – Past Tense = 했다 = 했 + 나요? = 했나요? (haetnayo?) “Did you do…?”
읽다 – Past Tense = 읽었다 = 읽었 + 나요? = 읽었나요? (ilgeotnayo?) “Did you read…?”
하다 – Honorific = 하시다 = 하시 + 나요? = 하시나요? (hasinayo?) “Do you do…?”
읽다 – Honorific = 읽으시다 = 읽으시 + 나요? = 읽으시나요? (ilgeusinayo?) “Do you read…?”
- 내일은 몇 시에 오시나요?
nae-il-eun myeot si-e osinayo?
“What time are you coming tomorrow?”
- 다 왔나요?
“Has everybody come?”
- 이 식당은 뭐가 맛있나요?
i sikdang-eun mwo-ga masitnayo?
“In this restaurant, what is delicious?”
- 신문을 매일 읽으시나요?
sinmun-eul maeil ilgeusinayo?
“Do you read the newspaper every day?”
- 지금 밖에 눈 오나요?
jigeum bakk-e nun onayo?
“Is it snowing outside now?”
koreanclass101- Copy right by http://360korea.com