-만 It Has Been + Time / In + Time
August 26, 2009 by tailieutienghan
-만 (man) is a particle used to indicate how much time has passed since a previous action happened or a state began until the present moment, when another action is happening or the state is changing. There isn't a direct translation for this particle that always works, but it is usually translated as “it has been + time” or “after/in + time.” The form time + 만 is a noun, so -에 can be attached to it to modify an action.
Time + -만 + 이다
– 1년 (1 year) + 만 + 이다
– 1년만이에요 = It's been one year.
Time + -만 + 에
– 3달 (three months) + 만 + 에
– 3달만에 한국에 왔어요. = I came back to Korea three months after I left.
1. 3일만에 집에 돌아왔어요. [돌아오다] (samilman-e jib-e dorawasseoyo)
– He came back home after three days (of not coming home).
2. 한달만에 학교에 갔어요. [가다] (handalman-e hakgyo-e gasseoyo)
– I went to school after one month (of not going there).
3. 1년만에 만났어요. [만나다] (ilnyeonman-e mannasseoyo)
– We hadn't met for a year.
4. 얼마만이지? [이다] (eolmamaniji?)
– How long has it been?
5. 5년만에 다시 영어 공부를 시작했어요. [시작하다] (onyeonman-e dasi yeongeo gongbu-reul dasi sijakhaesseoyo)
– I started studying English again after not studying it for 5 years.
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