-요 Politeness Particle
August 26, 2009 by tailieutienghan
-요 (-yo) is sometimes used as a politeness particle. Generally speaking, if the -요 (-yo) particle is left out, it becomes the intimate politeness level (sometimes known as the casual politeness level). You can add -요 (-yo) onto nouns, verbs conjugated into the intimate politeness level, grammatical structures, as well as many other parts of speech.
When -요 (-yo) is added, as its title suggests, makes the word or sentence polite. This is in the standard politeness level.
This is used to show to the listeners that you are respecting them. Typically this politeness particle is used in everyday speech, without active knowledge of it. Also, sometimes with active effort to be polite, it is added on at the end.
[명사] + [요]
[noun] + [yo]
[반말 동사] + [요]
[Verbs, intimate politeness level] + [yo]
아닌데 (aninde) – but it\'s not
아닌데요 (anindeyo) – but it\'s not (polite)
친구는 와? (chingu-neun wa?) – Is your friend coming?
친구는 와요? (chingu-neun wayo?) – Is your friend coming? (polite)
학교? (hakgyo?) – School?
학교요? (hakgyoyo?) – School? (polite)
koreanclass101- Copy right by http://360korea.com