-의 Possesive Particle
August 26, 2009 by tailieutienghan
The particle 의 (ui) is a particle that expresses possession or relationship to someone or something. In most cases, we can translate this particle as “of.”
Typically, with the structure A의 B, B is of A.
We can translate this as Noun2 of Noun1.
je (jeo-ui) chingu-deul-i wasseoyo.
“My friends came.” (literally, “Friends of mine came.”)
- 친구의 아버지가 오셨어요.
chingu-ui abeoji-ga osyeosseoyo.
“(My) friend's father came.” (literally, “The father of my friend came.”)
- 선생님의 의견을 들어보세요.
seonsaengnim-ui uigyeong-eul deuleoboseyo.
“Please listen to your teacher's opinion.” (literally, “The opinion of the teacher, listen to it.”)
We typically pronounce the particle 의 (ui
) differently than it is spelled.
Sometimes we pronounce it as 에 (e
When it is suffixed to the:
- humbling first-person pronoun 저 (jeo), we can contract it as 제 (je)
- informal first-person pronoun 나 (na), we can contract it as 내 (nae)
- informal second-person pronoun 너 (neo), we can contract it as 네 (ne); however, we usually pronounce this as 니 (ni)
- informal third-person pronoun 그 (geu), it is 그의 (geu-ui)
- informal third-person pronoun 그녀 (geunyeo), it is 그녀의 (geunyeo-ui)
- first-person plural pronoun 우리들 (urideul), we can contract it as 우리의 (uri-ui)
- first-person plural pronoun 저희들 (jeohuideul), we can contract it as 저희의 (jeohui-ui)
- informal second-person plural pronoun 너희들 (neohuideul), we can contract it as 너희의 (neohui-ui).
Just as with other particles, we can sometimes drop the possessive particle, 의 (ui).
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