ㅂ/습니까? formal interrogative sentence ending
August 26, 2009 by tailieutienghan
-ㅂ/습니까 – The Formal Interrogative Sentence Ending. This can be attached to any verb to form a present tense question with that verb. This conjugation is in the formal politeness level and is used for very formal situations.
Take the stem of any verb and attach “(ㅂ/습)니까?” at the end.
•If the verb stem ends in a vowel, “ㅂ” would be added to the stem to form a new syllabic block, and 니다 would be come after the new syllabic block.
Verb stem + ㅂ 니까
이다 – ida – to be (copula)
이 – verb stem
이 + ㅂ 니까 = 입니까?
가다 – gada – to go
가 – verb stem
가 + ㅂ 니까 = 갑니까?
사랑하다 – saranghada – to love
사랑하 – verb stem
사랑하 + ㅂ 니까 = 사랑합니까?
•If the verb stem ends in a consonant, “습니까” is added to the end of the verb stem.
Verb stem + 습니까
먹다 – meokda – to eat
먹 – verb stem
먹 + 습니까 = 먹습니까?
웃다 – utda – to laugh, to smile
웃 – verb stem
웃 + 습니까 = 웃습니까?
지금 먹습니까? – jigeum meokseumnikka? – Are you eating now?
왜 웃습니까? – wae usseumnikka? – Why are you laughing/smiling?
갑니까? – gamnikka? – Are you leaving?
사라 씨입니까? – sara ssi-imnikka? – Are you Sara?
When ㅂ (b) is the last syllable of one syllabic block and ㄴ is the first character in the next syllabic block, a phonetic change occurs. ㅂ changes to ㅁ. The written ㅂ does not change, but it changes when spoken.
•ㅂ + 니다 = ㅁ 니다 (spoken form)
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