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Archive for the ‘Korean For beginning’ Category

Koreans use two different sets of numbers depending on the situation: native Korean and Chinese-based. Native Korean numbers are typically used to describe the number of items (1-99) or the age of someone or something. Chinese-based Korean numbers are used for dates, addresses, phone numbers and numbers above 100. Also, most Asian counting systems, including Korean, are based on increments of 10,000 rather than 1,000. In the Korean system, 100,000 represents “10 ten-thousands” rather than the traditional English “100 thousands.”

Instructions
Step 1:
-Learn the basics: 1 through 10. Go to Korean Number. Click on a number and you will hear the correct pronunciation of that number.
Step 2:
– Practice saying the number with the recorded voice. Once you have mastered one number, move on to the next.
Step 3:
– Learn 10 and above. Go to Korean Cardinal Numbers. Select a number from the left that you would like to learn. Locate the Korean number under the “Korea Numbers” column.
Step4 :
-Practice saying the number out loud. If you are not sure how it should be pronounced, refer back to the resource in Step 1 for guidance.
Step5 : 
-Write the numbers out. In the right-hand column under “Hangul Script,” you will notice the symbol for each number. The numbers can be written by thinking of the symbols as little drawings.
Step6 : 
Learn the Korean ordinal system (“first,” “second,” etc.). Go to numbers2.swf

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Cardinal numbers in Korean as well as in English are digits like 1, 2, 3, 4 … There are two ways of writing the numbers in Korean, in Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3) or in Korean script (일, 이, 삼). The table below contains more information about the korean numbers.

English Korean Numbers Hangul Script
 
0 Zero Kohng
1 One eel
2 Two ee
3 Three sahm
4 Four saah
5 Five oh
6 Six youhk
7 Seven cheel
8 Eight pahl
9 Nine gooh
10 Ten seehp
11 Eleven seehbil 십일
12 Twelve seehbee 십이
13 Thirteen seehpsahm 십삼
14 Fourteen seehpsah 십사
15 Fifteen seehboh 십오
16 Sixteen seehm youhk 십육
17 Seventeen seehpcheel 십칠
18 Eighteen seehpal 십팔
19 Nineteen seehpgoo 십구
20 Twenty ee seehp 이십
30 Thirty sahm seehp 삼십
40 Forty sah seehp 사십
50 Fifty oh seehp 오십
60 Sixty youhk seehp 육십
70 Seventy cheel seehp 칠십
80 Eighty pahl seehp 팔십
90 Ninety gooh seehp 구십
100 Hundred pak
1,000 Thousand chuhn
10,000 Ten Thousand maahn
100,000 Hundred Thousand simmaahn 십 만
1,000,000 Million pak maahn 백 만
Plus tuh hagi 더하기
Minus pehgi 빼기
More (than) duh
Less (than) juhkeh 적게
Approximately deh-ryak 대략
First chup buhndjeh 첫 번째
Second doobuhndjeh 두 번째
Third sehbuhndjeh 세 번째

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Korean is the national language of the independent countries of North and South Korea. The Korean language has many city and provincial dialects; the people of Seoul speak differently from those who speak the more provincial dialects of Daejeon and Gwangju. Learning Korean grammar can be a challenge, as its word order is much different than English, but there are many benefits to learning Korean–the least of which being that you’ll be able to communicate with 78 million people in two countries.

Step 1

-Decide whether you wish to learn on your own through self-study methods or with a tutor or as a student in a college classroom. In the meantime, purchase a Korean English dictionary (usually priced under $15) which is available online at major booksellers or at bookstores in your area. Start to familiarize yourself with Korean grammar.

Step 2

-If you’re interested in interactive learning, then peruse your local university’s course catalog to see if any Korean language courses are offered.

Step 3

If its a tutor you are interested in, a good place to find one is the university: international students are probably enrolled at your local college, and chances are there will be a Korean student who may provide quality tutoring services for a reasonable rate. The language department is often a good place to start. You could also post an ad for a tutor with an online classified market such as Craigslist, or go to a local Korean restaurant and ask the manager if he knows of anyone willing to tutor Korean.
Step 4
-Investigate your options. Depending on your budget and needs, an audio Korean language course may be helpful. Your needs will be different
if you’re planning a trip to Korea and just want to understand basic grammar rules so that you will be able to communicate effectively, or if you are interested in learning more complex grammar rules to speak and read fluently in Korean.

Step 5

-For getting around and understanding basic principles, try Pimsleur’s Basic Korean (about $16 on amazon.com in 2009). Pimsleur employs native speakers and uses a listen-and-repeat method, where no writing or reading are necessary. For more complex grammar and a step toward achieving fluency in Korean, try the software program Rosetta Stone’s Korean ($500).

Step 6

-Whatever method you try, practice as often as you can. Devote a half hour of study time each day to learning your new language, and you’ll be surprised at how quickly you pick up the concepts of Korean grammar.

Tips and Warnings

The Korean language is structured in verb-final order (meaning the verb typically comes last in the sentence). This makes the language similar to Japanese and Turkish, but not to English. In English, the sentence is subject verb object. For example: “Jody ate an apple.” In Korean, the sentence reads: “Jody apple ate.”

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We will continue our introduction of Korean through an examination of the simple vowels, simple consonants and the syllable structures which can be constructed by combining these vowels and consonants.Two types of syllable structures, with examples, will be introduced together with audio clips.


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This lesson is designed to introduce some general information on Hangul and the philosophical foundations for its invention. We will provide simple explanations on the vowels and the consonants and their stoke orders.


Koreans call their alphabet Hangul. Like English, the letters of the Hangul alphabet represent individual sounds or phonemes.
Hangul was invented by King Sejong of the Choson Dynasty, and introduced to the public in 1443 in Hun-Min-Jeong-Eum. King Sejong believed that Koreans needed an easy-to-learn system for writing their own language. Before King Sejong deigned the Hangul, Koreans had either written in the Chinese language or had written Korean using Chinese characters to represent the Korean sounds in a complex system, Idu. The alphabet originally contained 28 letters composed of 11 vowels and 17 consonants.
Currently Hangul is spoken by 45 million people in South Korea, in addition to 23 million in North Korea and several million Koreans living in other countries like China(1.9 million), the United States(1.5 million), Japan(710,000), and the former Soviet Union(450,000). Hangul is being taught in about 50 American and Canadian universities, with more being added each year. It is also taught at more than 20 universities in Europe, East Asia, and Australia. As Korea plays a greater role in world economics and politics, it is becoming more and more important for the international community to understand the Korean people and their language.
  1. Letters

Hangul consists of 40 letters. It has 21 vowels and 19 consonants; among these 40 letters, 24 are the basic letters while the other 16 are compounds formed from the basic letters.

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한국말로 설명할 수 없어요. I can’t explain it in Korean.
무슨 뜻이에요? What do you mean by that?
나는 혼란스러워요. I am confused.
내가 너무 바보 같아요. I feel so foolish.
미국사람에게는 이상해요. This is strange for Americans.
한국 문화는 미국 문화와 매우 달라요. Korean culture is very different from American culture.
당신과 저 사이에는 벽이 있어요. There is a wall between you and I.
전 동의하지 않아요. I don’t agree.
전 당신의 생각과 달라요. I think differently than you.
기회를 주세요. Give me a chance.
나한테 화났어요? Are you mad at me?
제 잘못이에요. I am to blame.
감정을 상하게 할 뜻은 아니었어요. I didn’t mean to hurt your feelings.
그냥 농담이었어요. It was just a joke.
예의를 갖춰주세요. Please mind your manners.

Record by Joseph teacher – onlinelearnkorean

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Today’s audio features an audio review of what was covered in Beginner Lesson 1. The way this review works is either a question or a piece of the conversation is presented. Then we ask you to answer the question, or complete the conversation. A vocabulary review comes after that. The English is presented, and then the Korean words are presented, once at natural speed, once slowly. There are gaps to give you time to answer. We hope to implement a review like this in nearly all of the lessons we have. Please tell us what you think of the review!
 Formal Korean
-Keith: 안녕하세요?저는 Keith입니다. 처음 뵙겠습니다.
-윤설: 안녕하세요? 저는 윤설입니다. 처음 뵙겠습니다.

Pronunciation Tips
입니다 (imnida), the formal form of the copula, is typically spelled with a “ㅂ” which makes a b/p like sound. But because of the proceeding consonant, “ㄴ” (n), “ㅂ” (b) changes to “ㅁ” (m). This is a natural phonetic change. These phonetic changes occur when two consonants meet. Most of these phonetic changes are natural when spoken at natural speed.
Formal English
(1) Keith: Hello. I am Keith. It’s nice to meet you.
(2) Yunseol: Hello. I am Yunseol. It’s nice to meet you.

Grammar 

+이다 to be

+은/는 topic marking particle

1..ㅂ/습니다 :formal declarative sentence ending

ㅂ/습니다 – The Formal Declarative Sentence Ending. This can be attached to any verb to form a present tense declarative sentence. This conjugation is in the formal politeness level.

2.Formation

Take the stem of any verb and attach “(ㅂ/습)니다” at the end.

•If the verb stem ends in a vowel, “ㅂ” would be added to the stem to form a new syllabic block, and 니다 would be come after the new syllabic block.

Verb stem + ㅂ 니다

이다 – ida – to be (copula)
이 – verb stem
이 + ㅂ 니다 = 입니다

오다 – oda – to come
오 – verb stem
오 + ㅂ 니다 = 옵니다

공부하다 – gongbuhada – to study
공부하 – verb stem
공부하 + ㅂ 니다 = 공부합니다

•If the verb stem ends in a consonant, “습니다” is added to the end of the verb stem.

Verb stem + 습니다

앉다 – antda – to sit
앉 – verb stem
앉 + 습니다 = 앉습니다

잡다 – japda – to catch
잡 – verb stem
잡 + 습니다 = 잡습니다

3.Example Sentences
유리 씨가 잡니다 – yuri ssi-ga jamnida – Yuri sleeps.
지금 바쁩니다 – jigeum babbeumnida – (Subject) is busy now.
버스를 탑니다 – beoseu-reul tamnida – (Subject) rides the bus.

(koreanclass101  )

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