-ㄴ다/-는다/-다 Plain Form
August 26, 2009 by tailieutienghan
A plain declarative sentence is used to make a neutral statement about a fact. It can be a statement about a speaker's observation or thought. It is much like thinking to oneself, out loud. Statements in this form are about the speakers observation or thought in the present. This is inflected through the verb of the sentence.
It is not directed towards anyone in particular (including oneself), thus it cannot be categorized according to politeness level. However, it is closer to the intimate politeness level more than the other politeness levels because it is much like thinking out loud.
Conjugation of these verbs differ according to the type of verb (descriptive or action).
Descriptive Verb Stem + 다
(This is exactly the same as the dictionary form.)
바쁘다 (bappeuda) – to be busy
바쁘 (bappeu) – verb stem
바쁘 + 다 = 바쁘다 (bappeuda) – busy (plain declarative form)
Action Verb Stem + -ㄴ다/-는다
Action Verb Stems that end in vowels use -ㄴ다 (-nda).
오다 (oda) – to come
오 (o) – verb stem
오 + -ㄴ다 = 온다 (onda) – come (plain declarative form)
Action Verb Stems that end in consonants use -는다 (-neunda)
닫다 (datda) – to close
닫 (dat) – verb stem
닫 + -는다 = 닫는다 (datneunda) = close (plain declarative form)
1.비가 온다. (bi-ga onda).
It's raining. (Lit: The rain is coming.)
2.엄마가 먹는다. (eomma-ga meok-neunda.)
Mom is eating.
3.눈이 예쁘다. (nun-i yeppeuda.)
The snow is pretty.
4.키가 크다. (ki-ga keuda.)
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